According to the Bible, at the beginning of its political formation the nation of Israel established itself by means of a theocratic government where all powers (legislative, executive and judiciary) were exercised by prophets and judges, who were raised and anointed by God to accomplish great feats and become leaders in State affairs.
Moved by the desire to imitate other peoples, the Israelite nation rejected that model of theocratic government that had been ordered by God (I Samuel 8:5). The popular outcry distressed prophet Samuel, leader of the time, urging him to pray to the Lord. And God said: “Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them.” (I Samuel 8:7)
Then the first election took place upon which occasion the people had the chance to choose their representative: Saul, the first king of Israel (I Samuel 10:20).
In my next text, I will continue this story and talk about the importance of the authorities being constituted by God.